Connectivity of green and blue infrastructures: living veins for biodiverse and healthy cities


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In Zurich the team will study vegetation, bees and wasps, birds, bats and lichens.

Prehistoric settlements on the shore of Lake Zurich date back to over 6000 years ago. The Romans founded Turicum in 15 BC. The Alemmani tribe settled there in the 5th Century, and a castle and an abbey were built there by the grandson of Charlemagne, in the 800s. Zurich became a city-state in the early 1200s, with a city wall enclosing 38 ha. Zurich became a centre of the Reformation in the 1500s, and during the 30 Years' War in the 1600s build fortifications around the city to protect itself. These were destroyed in 1839 as they represented conflicts between the city and the adjacent countryside. The construction of the lakefront quais, completed in 1887, transformed the city. These consist of several public green spaces, partly built by reclaiming land from the lake. The city currently has around 400,000 residents and is considered one of the cities with the best standard of living.

Zurich has 70 parks and green areas, representing 6-9% of its area, including an arboretum and two botanical gardens. More than 89% of residents are satisfied with their green areas in Zurich.

Zurich BIOVEINS is a research project funded by BiodivERsA, a European H2020 ERA-NET COFUND scheme, Grant Number H2020 BiodivERsA32015104.